Painful Throat Problems, Strep Throat and Sore Throat


Sore throat is a common infectious disease which in most cases is not a disease itself but a Sign of other illness like flu, cold or mononucleosis. Sore throat may also be caused by strep throat but in most cases, it is rare in children.

In this article, we shall have a deep look upon the basics of sore throat and strep throat in children.

Symptoms of Sore throat:

There are many types of sore throat, depending upon the severity and location of infection. Some types of sore throats are resulting from bacterial infection, whereas some may be due to viral infection. Therefore, symptoms may vary. However, there are a few common signs which could be helpful for the early diagnosis of sore throat which includes in most cases pain and scratchy sensation in the throat and difficulty in swallowing. Sore throat may cause fever in patients. But sore throat without fever may also be seen in the patients.

Sore throat in children with fever:

Sore throat is actually a sensation of pain in the throat of a person suffering from such infections, mostly causing redness and swelling of the throat. Although sore throat can happen in both children and adults, most commonly, children are exposed to this infectious disease due to a poorly developed immune system.

 Sore throat may also cause fever in children. Sore throats are often caused by some infections such as common colds. This may lead to a sore, scratchy throat. In addition, it may also lead to a runny nose and cough. Sore throat can be caused by a virus or a bacteria, therefore, antibiotics could only be effective if it may be due to bacterial infection. Sore throats due to common colds often get better without medicines on their own in 7 to 10 days. However, using plenty of warm fluids and lozenges may be proven effective to boost up the healing process.

Sore throat in children without fever:

Sometimes, there are certain cases in which the patient develops a sore throat without fever. But in such conditions, diagnosing sore throat could be done by looking towards other signs and symptoms. Some of them are listed below:

Swelling of tonsils is the basic sign which could be proven to check sore throats. There also exist several cases in which white spots can be seen on those swollen tonsils. These white tonsils may be filled with pus.

Tiny red spots are also seen on the roof of your mouth, the condition known as "Petechiae". This could be a sign of sore throat.

Lymph nodes may also be swollen due to such infection. These could be visible near neck regions.

What is Strep throat?

Most of the people often confuse sore throat with strep throat because most of the symptoms of these may be the same. However, strep throat may be referred to by the infection that is caused by bacteria ' group A streptococcus'. Whereas, sore throat may be bacterial or viral (about 90% of which is viral). The strep throat may worsen after one or two days, but fortunately, it is easy to treat, but if untreated, it may lead to serious complications.

The scientific name for strep throat is ' pharyngitis'. However, Group A Strep bacteria may also cause tonsillitis.

Strep throat in toddlers under 2:

Strep throat can be occured at any time of the age, even at the babyhood. However, it is most common in children ranging from 5 to 15 years of age probably due to contact with many other children daily. It is difficult to predict whether a toddler is suffering from strep throat or not. Moreover, a runny nose or cough may also not be seen in the case of strep throat since these problems are related to viral attack. Therefore, you must have some basic knowledge of these problems related to strep throat.

The child may have his throat become bright red which could easily be seen by using a light.

The child may also acquire Scarlet fever (red, sandpaper-like rash)

Pain may also worsen during swallowing.

As a child of age 2 cannot complain about the pain, therefore, it may start crying during feeding.

Home remedies for strep throat:

Some remedies could be suggested to prevent or cure strep throat.

To relieve the pain, it is suggested to use painkillers such as ibuprofen or naproxen. These may also help to lessen the inflammation.

Using apple cider vinegar as a dilute solution in water to gargle is also seen as effective due to its antibacterial properties.

Using lozenges can alleviate the pain from strep throat.

Throat sprays may also provide short-term relief.

Relation of Sore throat and COVID-19:

Sore throat is somehow related to Covid-19. According to research, about 5-10% of people who are isolated may acquire a sore throat. But other symptoms such as loss of taste and smell, difficulty in breathing, etc. could also be seen to predict the possibility of Coronavirus infection.

Frequently asked questions (FAQs):

Is Strep throat related to season?

Strep throat is considered to be a symptom, but dry air, allergies or acid reflux may cause strep throat.

Can strep throat be cured on its own?

Yes, in most cases, it is seen that strep throat could be cured on its own in 7 to 10 days. However, if it does not cure on its own, you must consult an Ent specialist.

Is strep throat contagious?

Strep throat is caused by 'group A Streptococcus,' therefore, it is highly contagious and can be spread easily through droplets when someone coughs or sneezes.

Is strep throat fatal?

Normally, strep throat can be treated easily, however in some cases, if left untreated, it may result in serious complications such as meningitis, pneumonia, rheumatic fever, etc.

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